Kochi (Cochin), is located on the west coast of India in the beautiful state of Kerala. Kochi can be regarded as the commercial and industrial capital of Kerala. Kerala is one of the most prosperous states of India, flanked by the Arabian Sea on the western side and the Western Ghats on the eastern side.
Kochi is the most important city in Kerala. It is the second most important city (after Mumbai) on the western coast of India. Kochi is known as the Queen of the Arabian Sea and the Queen of the Adriatic. It is also referred to as the Gateway of South India.
Being the undisputed commercial capital of Kerala, served by an international airport, fine communication facilities, excellent accommodation, modern amenities and a lot of attractive tourist places gives a breathtaking experience for its visitors and settlers. The district took its form on 1st April 1958, by carving out the areas of erstwhile Travancore, Kochi & Malabar kingdoms.
Ernakulam stands for the future of Kerala. Many large and small industrial units like the Cochin Shipyard, FACT, Cochin Refinery and HMT function in and around Ernakulam. The Law College and more than half a dozen first grade Arts & Science colleges and high-schools make Ernakulam an important educational centre. The Govt. General Hospital, a number of well-equipped and reputed private hospitals and nursing homes, good hotels with all modern facilities, airline offices, recreational clubs, cultural and arts centres – all these and more make Ernakulam a very interesting place.
The eventful history of this city began when a major flood in AD 1341 threw open the estuary at Kochi, till then a land locked region, turning it into one of the finest natural harbours in the world. Kochi thus became a haven for seafaring visitors from all over the world and became the first European township in India when the Portuguese settled here in the 15th century.
History of Cochin, Kochi and the princely state of Kochi
The Dutch wrested Fort Kochi from the Portuguese in AD 1663 and later in the last phase of the colonial saga, the British took over, the town in 1795. During 1660’s, Fort Kochi peaked in stature as a prime commercial centre and its fame spread far and wide – variously as a rich trade centre, a major military base, a vibrant cultural hub, a great ship building centre, a centre for Christianity and so on. Today, centuries later, the city is home to nearly thirteen communities with varied cultures and tastes.